New articles in the GANM Library - Mental health, preeclampsia, and improving health

Dear GANM community,

 

In this week’s edition of the GANM Research Library Brief we would like to share three articles centering around the topics of mental health in adolescents, preeclampsia, and strengthening emergency health services.

 

 

Xiao, Y., Lu, W. (2021). Temporal trends and disparities in suicidal behaviors by sex and sexual identity among Asian American adolescents. JAMA Network Open, 4(4):e214498. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4498

 

What are the trends among Asian American adolescents in terms of suicidal behavior over the last 30 years? This is the question recently asked in an article published in JAMA. In this cross-sectional study approximately 7600 Asian American adolescents there was an increase in prevalence between 2009 and 2019, but not statistically significant. However, those who had a partner of the same sex or both sexes did have a statistically significant increase. These findings suggest that sexual orientation in addition to a variety of extrinsic factors plays a role in the overall mental wellbeing of these individuals thus suicide prevention should be tailored to this group. 

 

 

Kitt, J., Frost, A., & Leeson, P. (2021). Preeclampsia and the brain—A long-term view. JAMA Network Open, 4(4):e215364. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5364

 

In this commentary published in JAMA Kitt et al. discuss preeclampsia and the effects on the brain. A diagnosis of preeclampsia has implications for the rest of one’s life. From increased risks of renal disease and heart disease to increased risks, approximately 4-fold, of having a stroke, preeclampsia can have lasting effects on individuals. The authors go on to discuss a multitude of studies leading to a conclusion that there is a clear association between hypertension during pregnancy and vascular issues and diseases. Healthcare providers must make it a mission to identify this early on to prevent any harmful events. 

 

 

Pabón-Ortiz, E. M., Mora-Cruz, J. V., Buitra- go-Buitrago, C. Y., & Castiblanco-Montañez, R. A. (2021). Estrategias para fortalecer la humanización de los servicios en salud en urgencias. Rev. cienc. Cuidad, 18(1):94-104. https://doi. org/10.22463/17949831.2512 

 

El articulo de esta semana nos presenta una investigación la cual entorna al rededor del tema de la falta humanización en la atención de la salud en una sala de emergencias de un hospital de cuarto nivel en Colombia. Previamente en el hospital se había notado que las razones principales por las cuales existía una la deshumanización en la atención de enfermería en urgencias, el cual fue percibido por los pacientes y el personal, era a causa de una falta de comunicación, la sobrecarga y el estrés laboral, y la deficiencia en la capacitación del personal. El articulo identifica las estrategias necesarias para poder mejorar los puntos previamente mencionados: la empatía, la comunicación, y las habilidades necesarias para el éxito de la atención.

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