New articles in the GANM Library - Emergency Preparedness, COVID-19, and Health Disparities

Mar 23, 2021

Dear GANM community,


In this week’s edition of the GANM Research Library Brief we would like to share three articles centering around the topics of emergency preparedness, COVID-19, and health disparities among those with autism spectrum disorder.



Harris, G. H., Rak, K. J., Kahn, J. M., Angus, D. C., Mancing, O. R., Driessen, J., & Wallace, D. J. (2021). Hospital capacity managers’ experiences and concerns regarding preparedness for seasonal influenza and influenza-like illness. JAMA Network Open, 4(3):e212382. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2382


In this qualitative study interviews with 53 key personnel at 53 different hospitals were conducted in order to determine the perceived strain on resources. Almost all hospitals reported increased strain during the 2017-2018 influenza season. These findings suggest that there were vulnerable aspects of care in the United States prior to the current pandemic. Moreover, these findings in addition to poor planning are contributing to ongoing spread of disease and future pandemics as well. 



Gohil, S. K., Huang, S. S. (2021). Community COVID-19 incidence and health care personnel COVID-19 seroprevalence. JAMA Network Open, 4(3):e211575. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1575


During the COVID-19 pandemic healthcare workers have been put at substantial increased risks of acquiring the SARA-CoV-2 virus, the pathogen that causes COVID-19. In a recent study, researchers evaluated COVID-19 seroprevalence in 24,749 healthcare providers practicing in four health systems in three distinct geographic regions at various stages of the pandemic surge. The findings showed the importance of correct usage of PPE in not only protecting workers, but also other patients, their families, and each other. 



Yuan, J., Li, M., Lu, Z. K. (2021). Racial/ethnic disparities in the prevalence and trends of autism spectrum disorder in US children and adolescents. JAMA Network Open, 4(3):e210771. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0771


In this research letter, the authors conducted a cross-sectional looking at racial and ethnic disparities among those diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Overall, the findings showed a temporal trend of ASD prevalence, a higher prevalence in non-Hispanic Black individuals, and a earlier diagnosis for non-Hispanic Black individuals as well. These disparities are complex and should be addressed at different levels such as etiological, education and awareness, and environmental. 

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