Dear GANM community,
For this week’s GANM Library Research Brief we would like to give our attention to articles based on racial and ethnic health equity and equality, palliative care, and the impact COVID-19 has had on American Indians and Alaska Natives.
The Lancet. (2021). Ethnic and racial inequity and inequality in health and science: A call for action [Ed.]. E Clinical Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100782
COVID-19 has impacted people far and wide in addition to exacerbating disparities across age, race, and ethnic groups. Across the globe, people of Black African background have been impacted by the pandemic at a rate 5 times that of people of White descent. This editorial seeks to call on others to contribute to the racial inequalities across all areas of medicine in order to implement change that encompasses improved quality of life for all.
Quinn, K. L., Wegier, P., Stukel, T. A., Huang, A., Bell, C.M., & Tanuseputro, P. (2021). Comparison of palliative care delivery in the last year of life between adults with terminal noncancer illness or cancer.JAMA Network Open, 4(3):e210677. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0677
Published in JAMA, this article sought to understand the differences in deliver of palliative care for patients without cancer compared to those with cancer. In this study, approximately 146,000 adults who died of cancer or a non-cancer illness received palliative care was typically seen to started earlier, in the acute care setting, and delivered across multiple settings. For those with cancer, palliative care was utilized more and from a different perspective. This shines light on the differences of care and the need for enhanced palliative care programs.
Burki, T. (2021). COVID-19 among American Indians and Alaska Natives. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00083-9
Pandemics typically impact American Indians and Alaska Natives in immensely negative ways. This is no different for the current COVID-19 pandemic. This article discusses the current health issues American Indians are facing such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes, in addition to issues such as living in food-deserts. In all, the author hopes to bring awareness to the growing issues these people are facing, especially during the current pandemic.