New articles in the GANM Library - Opioid exposures, antimicrobial stewardship, and nursing

Feb 28, 2021

Dear GANM community, 

 

In this week’s edition of the GANM Library Research Brief we turn our attention to a few articles focused on prenatal opioid exposure (English), expanding antimicrobial stewardship (English), and quality of work life for nursing practice (Spanish).

 

Camden, A., Ray, J. G., To, T., Gomes, T., Bai, L., & Guttmann, A. (2021). Prevalence of prenatal opioid exposure in Ontario, Canada, 2014-2019. JAMA Network Open. 2021;4(2):e2037388. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.37388

 

Prenatal opioid exposure is considered a major public health concern in multiple countries across the globe. In this population-based cohort study researchers identified opioid exposure and categorized each prescription into one of six groups. Results showed that 5.3% of newborns had an exposure, a 5-fold increase since the previous study by Corsi et al. This highlights the importance of addressing this issue and the need for further research on this topic. 

 

 

McGregor, J. C., Fitzpatrick, M. A., & Suda, K. J. (2021). Expanding antimicrobial stewardship through quality improvement. JAMA Network Open. 4(2):e211072. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1072

 

In this commentary, the topic of expanding antimicrobial stewardship through the concept of quality improvement is discussed in great detail. The authors go on to explain that antimicrobial stewardship is a set of strategies used to not only improve, but also measure antibiotic prescribing by healthcare providers. As of now, much of the data in this area comes from small one-center studies; however, to further advance the practice research should focus on implementation strategies that support widespread uptake of interventions.

 

Vizcaino, Y. Y. M., Alonso, M. D V., Vicaino, Y. M. (2020). Factores involucrados en la calidad de vida laboral para el ejercicio de la enfermería. Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar. 49(2):364-374

 

El artículo de esta semana se enfoca en lo vital que es el personal de enfermería a nivel mundial y la importancia de mejorar y mantener una buena calidad de vida laboral. Se mencionan muchos estudios en Estados Unidos y en otros países en donde se riesgos psicosociales y vulnerabilidad similares relacionados con la calidad de vida de las enfermeras; entre ellas la sobrecarga de trabajo, la pérdida de identidad y autonomía, la necesidad de mantener múltiples empleos de trabajo y la falta de flexibilidad laborar, y el pesar que viene con el horario nocturno.  


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