New articles in the GANM Library - Substance use disorder, tobacco cessation, and COVID-19

Feb 04, 2021

Dear GANM community, 

 

In this week’s edition of the GANM Library Research Brief we turn our focus to topics such as substance use, smoking cessation, and the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on nursing.

 

Huang, J., Yang, F., Chien, W., & Liang, C. (2021). Risk of substance use disorder and its associations with comorbidities and psychotropic agents in patients with autism. JAMA Pediatrics. 175(2):e205371. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5371

 

In a recent study publish in JAMA Pediatrics researchers investigated the association between autism and risk of substance use disorder (SUD). In a cohort of 6,599 individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a control group of 26,396 there was an association between two variables. In addition, those with behavioral comorbidities were at an even great risk along with higher mortality as well. These data suggest those with ASD are more vulnerable to the development of SUD along with the use of psychotropic agents being associated with a decreased risk.

 

Tami-Maury, I., Suchil, L., Reynales-Shigematsu, L. & Garcia, H. (2021). Cross-sectional survey for assessing cancer care provider’s characteristics and attitudes on smoking cessation in Columbia and Mexico. BMJ Open; 11(2). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041447

 

In this cross-sectional survey, investigators sought to understand cancer care provider’s characteristics, tobacco use, and smoking cessation practices and attitudes. The survey used in this study consisted of 28 close-ended questions and results showed a current smoking prevalence of 10.5% and 12.3% among Columbian and Mexican providers, respectfully. Approximately 75% of providers had inadequate training in smoke cessation while a smaller percentage of provider ask their patients about tobacco use. These findings elucidate the need for expanding formal smoking cessation programs and education among providers and patients. 

 

Ramierez-Sanchez, S. (2020). Los profesionales de la salud en los tiempos de la pandemia: personal de Enfermeria frente al COVID-19. Rev Enferm Inst Mex Segouro Soc; 28(1), 1-4. https://www.medigraphic.com/cgi-bin/new/resumen.cgi?IDARTICULO=94013

 

El articulo de esta semana se enfoca en el impacto que la pandemia del COVID-19 ha causado en el rubro de la salud, particularmente en el de la enfermería en el país de México. Nos habla no solo del impacto psicológico, económico, y físico que el COVID-19 ha causado en toda la población, sino también discute del impacto tan grave y negativo que ha causado en los sistemas de salud a nivel mundial. A través de este articulo, nos queda claro los efectos negativos que la pandemia no solo ha causado en la salud, pero también en la economía y en la practica de enfermería en el país. El autor nos tantea la idea de que a pesar de todo lo negativo a raíz de la pandemia, esto podría llegar a ser algo positivo para el futuro del país ya que esta forzando a la población a fortalecer el rubro de la enfermería y de la vida publica en México. 


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