Dear GANM community,
In this week’s edition of the GANM library brief we bring to you three new articles on gender inequalities in health, substance use in adolescence, and trauma.
Kennedy, E., Binder, G., Humphries-Waa, K., Tidhar, T., Cini, K., Comrie-Thomson, L., Vaughan, C., Francis, K., Scott, N., Wulan, N., Patton, G., & Azzopardi, P. (2020). Gender inequalities in health and wellbeing across the first two decades of life: An analysis of 40 low-income and middle-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The Lancet Global Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30354-5
It is no secret that in the context of health and wellbeing gender inequalities play an important role. In this recent study, researchers looked at 40 low- and middle-income countries in Asia and the Pacific in order to measure four domains of wellbeing. Multiple measurement constructs were then used to report relative risks in terms of health and wellbeing. Findings include adolescent girls at a disadvantage in sexual and reproductive health, high rates of child marriage, fertility, and inter-partner violence and more.
Hines, L. A., Freeman, T. P., Gage, S. H., Zammit, S., Hickman, M., Cannon, M., Munafo, M., MacLeod, J., & Heron, J. (2020). Association of high-potency cannabis use with mental health and substance use in adolescence. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(10):1044–1051. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1035
Does high-potency cannabis compared to low-potency cannabis increase the risk for common mental disorders and psychotic experiences? In a cohort of 1087 individuals, the use of high-potency cannabis was associated with increased risk for frequent cannabis use, adverse problems related to cannabis, and diagnosis of an anxiety disorder.
Gruen, D. S., Guyette, F. X., Brown, J. B., … Sperry, J. L. (2020). Association of prehospital plasma with survival in patients with traumatic brain injury: A secondary analysis of the PAMPer cluster randomized clinical trial. JAMA Network Open, 3(10):e2016869. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16869
In a recent study on the use of prehospital plasma administration as a means of increased survival for those with a severe traumatic brain injury, researchers found the results to be quite validating. 166 total participants in a clustered randomized controlled trial with a severe TBI were included in the study. 74 were given plasma prior to admission and all had an improved 30-day survival.