Dear GANM community,
In this week’s edition of the GANM library brief we would like to introduce you to three new articles centered around COVID-19 and it’s impact on women and childhood nutrition as well as an article on the association of family income and food insecurity.
Bayoumi, I., Parkin, P. C., Birken, C. S., Maguire, J. L., & Borkhoff, C. M. (2020). Association of family income and risk of food insecurity with iron status in young children. JAMA Network, 3(7). doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8603
Family income and food insecurity pay an important role in nutritional intake of children. In this cross sectional study, researchers found that a family income less than $40,000 increased the odds of iron efficiency in children aged 12 to 29 months old. This leads to a conclusion of low income being a risk factor for iron deficiency; however, family risk of food insecurity is not.
Burki, T. (2020). The indirect impact of COVID-19 on women. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 904-905. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30568-5
COVID-19 has had an impact on every individual across the globe. This article in The Lancet Infectious Diseases sought to discuss the indirect impact of the pandemic on women. The author discusses the inequalities in the data that men and women are facing, employment of women during the pandemic, and the impact on services that provide contraceptives and safe abortions.
Heady, D., Heidkamp, R., Osendarp, S., Ruel, M., Scott, N., Black, R., Shekar, M., Bouis, H., Flory, A., Haddad, L., & Walker, N. (2020). Impacts of COIVD-19 on childhood malnutrition and nutrition-related mortality. The Lancet. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31647-0
Adequate nutritional intake during childhood is one of the most important predetermining factors of health consequences later in life. Due to the current pandemic the economics, food, and health systems for children have encountered severe disruptions which have exacerbated malnutrition among children. Researchers are predicting an increase in risk of all forms of malnutrition which will ultimately compromise maternal and child health and increase mortality.